last update 28.12.2021 (see below)
Welcome to Armorial.dk, regrettably there is almost no artwork
on this website. Instead it is the intention to provide a survey of medieval
armorials, the surviving manuscripts and to present selected unpublished or
The material presented is a part of my ongoing study of medieval
armorials a.k.a. rolls of arms. It may be divided into six parts:
- an inventory of armorials and manuscripts, where the content is
- a standard system of sigla or abbreviations of the armorials;
- an ordinary of the coats of arms in medieval armorials;
- an ordinary of crest (new)
- identification of the individual items (arms) with appropriate
- comparison of armorials in order to establish their relations and
the editorial approach and knowledge;
Much of the material is published as free downloads of pdf-files on this
website. For this Adobe Acrobat vs. 6.0 or later is needed:
Steen Clemmensen, Ordinary of Medieval Armorials,
The database and text versions (1.0) published on
CD-ROM in 2006 has been
revised in June-July 2017 as vs. 2.0 in sections ORDINARY and SURVEY.
The inventories and the table of siglas may be freely downloaded as
pdf-files in the sections SURVEY and EXPLANATIONS.
Individual armorials are published either as full editions or in blazon
with individual identifications with reference to the Ordinary, with
a survey of content, index of names and arms in the regional sections:
ENGLAND, GERMANY and FRANCE (incl. Low Countries), or in the section
Selected papers and supporting data can be found in the sections: EDITING
ARMORIALS, COATS of ARMS, and MISC. PAPERS.
There are links to websites with armorials, several in full
facsimile or redrawn. Off-prints of some papers are also available on
Comments and questions are most welcome. Please remove the blank in the
- Corrections and amendments to the armorials below.
- The Parliamentary Roll of Arms armorial, c.1312 - probably
hardcopy may 2022.
- Groups of arms and the use of brisures in medieval Europe.
Added december 2021:
- The barons Latimer and their use of brisures,
Added august 2021:
- An armorial of fief holders in the
County Palatine a.k.a. Lehensbuch des Kurfürsten Friedrich i von Pfalz, LKF,
Added july 2021:
- The Trier Burgmannen armorial, BTB,
Added june 2021:
- Editing armorials. Cooperation, knowledge,
and approach by late medieval practitioners,
vol.1+2, dr.phil thesis 2020 (EA)
- An armorial of fief holders in the
diocese of Speyer a.k.a. Lehensbuch des Bistums Speyer, LBS,
Added july 2019:
- The Gorrevod armorial,
Added november 2018:
- The Powell Roll of Arms. A painted armorial of 1348
- The Beauchamps of Warwick and Their Use
Added june 2017:
- Editing Armorials. Cooperation, knowledge and approach
by late medieval practitioners, vol. 1+2; 380 + 220 pp; paperback,
- Ordinary of medieval armorials, vs. 2.0 in pdf and
Added april 2017:
- Bergshammar - blazons
(F) + frames (5.02.2018 added)
- Urfé - blazons
- Navarre - blazons
- Supporting documents to Editing Armorials
Added february 2017:
- Nine Worthies and other Ternionen - revised, ordinary added
Added january 2017:
- Two published papers on early seals, with
two tables as supplement
Added november 2016:
- The Lyncenich armorial, c.1440
Added may 2016:
- The Newcastle (1319) armorial, formerly the Boroughbridge (1322) Roll of arms.
Added october 2014:
- The use of arms by the Châtillon-sur-Marne.
Added may 2014:
- 2 papers on the making of armorials by heralds or amateur armorists
Added may 2013:
- Nicolas de Lutzelbourg and Anthoine de Clémery.
Added march 2013:
Added may 2012:
- Donaueschingen. (D)
- Uffenbach. (D)
Added january 2012:
- Sankt Gallen-Haggenberg. (D)
- The Four of each Estate . Quaternionen der Reichsverfassung.
Added november 2011:
- Grünenberg - update, 1) corrections and amendments,
2) concordance with the Stillfried facsimile of 1875, edition Popoff.
Added june 2011:
- The Livro de arautos, a portuguese herald's collection of arms from
Constance 1416. (D)
Added march 2011:
- The arms of Montfort-l'Amaury.
- Ulrich Richental's Chronicle of the Council of Constance 1414-1418.
Added december 2010:
- Armorial casket from Quedlinburg, 1209.
- Crowning of Otto IV as king of the Romans, in Aachen 1189.
- Tournament in Bruges, 1393 flemish nobles.
Added june 2010:
- Stuttgarter Wappenbuch, 2 parts: c.1440, 1448.
Added december 2009:
- Conrad Grünenberg's Wappenbuch, finished 1483.
- The Nine Worthies and other Ternionen - a survey,
Added september 2009:
- Wappenrolle von Zürich, southern germans c.1345.
- Wappenfries im Haus zum Loch, southern germans 1306.
Added august 2009:
- The coats-of arms and crests in the Grosse Heidelberger (Manesse)
and Weingartner Liederhandschriften. (D)
- Willement Roll of Arms, of english nobles and gentry in the
reign of Richard II, r.1377-99. (E)
- William Jenyns' Ordinary, of english nobles and gentry in the
reign of Edward II, r.1327-1377. (E)
Added february 2008:
Added october 2007:
- An armorial of the Army of invasion of Flanders 1297:
Chifflet-Prinet alias Ost-de-Flandre.
- Tournament at Chauvency 1285, a poem by Jacques Bretel with coats-of-arms.
- Tournament at Saint Omer 1377 in segment 46 of the Armorial d'Urfé.
- The heraldry of the Trie family of France.
Present July 2007:
- English section of Armorial d'Urfé, c.1380
- Rouen roll of arms, c.1410 (E)
- Armorials as evidence of medieval coats of arms.
- Armorial de la Paix d'Arras or Peace at Arras,
- Ordinary of Medieval Armorials
- Survey and Sigla of Medieval Armorials